Brassinosteroids Biology Discussion

2011; 23:1219–1230. (42) Instead, Blackless et al. Here, you can browse videos, articles, and exercises by topic. 49-57, 2008. Discusses transcription in protein synthesis. However, whether their interaction is through modification or intersection of their primary signaling cascades, or by independent or parallel pathways remains a big mystery. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are endogenous plant hormones essential for the proper regulation of multiple physiological processes required for normal plant growth and development. CC licensed content, Original. Journal articles: No DOI 2. The field involves an understanding of the similarities and differences between humans and other species. This banner text can have markup. Streptococcus pyogenes: basic biology to clinical. In silico analysis predicted binding to. Discussion and opinion: Dormancy is a block to germination has evolved differently across species through adaptation to the prevailing environment so that germination occurs when conditions for establishing a new plant generation are likely to be suitable (Finch-Savage and Leubner-Metzger, 2006 and references therein). Hong Ren , Roles Conceptualization, Data curation. Molecular Biology. However, a study of patients hospitalised with covid-19 in Nanchang, China, found a strong association between disease. Because physiological effects of brassinosteroids qualitatively resemble to those of auxins, their role as plant hormones was not recognised earlier and it was believed that brassinosteroid acted partially by increasing sensitivity to auxins. BR controls the very important courses like division, elongation, differentiation, nucleic acid and protein synthesis, like many other hormones [14]. BSK3 is the only BSK member involved in BR-mediated plant root growth (Ren et al. in Plant Hormones: Physiology, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology. The BR signal is transduced by a receptor kinase-mediated signal transduction pathway, which is distinct from animal steroid signalling systems. Brassinosteroids can be derived from the 5a-cholestane carbon skeleton bearing the following structural characteristics. Biology Exam Preparation Portal. , Gozukirmizi N. 2020 Leave a Comment on Analysis And Improvement Of Plant Cold Hardiness tije on 28. How growth regulators provoke context-specific signals is a fundamental question in developmental biology. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant growth-promoting compounds found throughout the plant kingdom that influence multiple aspect of plant physiology including organ expansion, leaf and root development, vascular differentiation, senescence, flowering, and fertility. New York: W. Study 7 Chapter 24- Brassinosteroids flashcards from Jamie Alycee D. Hazen SP, Naef F, Quisel T, Gendron JM, Chen H, Ecker JR, Borevitz JO, Kay SA. Y1H analysis, EMSA, and transcription activation assay. Brassinosteroids are naturally occurring plant hormones that regulate plant growth. To list: The several ways by which each of these hormones such as auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene, abscisic acid, and brassinosteroids affect plant growth and development. HopAM1-induced local cell death is associated with HopAM1-induction of ETI response. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of plant hormones that are important regulators of a number of the plant physiological processes (,). Biochemical and genetic information on BRs are available from model species but the application of that knowledge to crop species has been very limited. in molecular biology from the University of. (2009) Effects of brassinosteroids on barley root growth, antioxidant system and cell division. Detailed studies of BR biosynthesis and metabolism, coupled with the recent identification of BR-insensitive and BR-deficient mutants, has greatly expanded our view of steroids as signals controlling plant growth and development. The Biotechnology Innovation Organization is the world's largest biotech trade association. Plant Physiol. They share many similarities with human steroid hormones, but are generally at too low of a dose to exert effects in humans (on hormonal profiles) via food consumption. The dominant. California State University, Bakersfield Department of Biology. General Biology is a basic course for the first year of Department of Life Science, and consists of Biology 1 and Biology 2. Puzzled about a topic in biology? Need a biologist to answer your question? This is the place. Proceedings of the 1982 DPF summer study on elementary. For as long as people have looked at the world around them, people have studied biology. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxysteroids that have been recognized as a sixth class of plant hormones and may have utility as an anticancer drug for endocrine-responsive cancers to induce apoptosis and inhibit growth. Using this hormone in various ways has increased crop production in wheat and rice so that there is greater crop yields. Perception of brassinosteroids requires an active complex of BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE 1. Brassinosteroids are a group of some 40 different steroids that are synthesized by plants and are potent hormones affecting many aspects of plant growth. 1), besides the nodes that represent the eight phytohormones (abscisic acid, auxin, brassinosteroids, cytokinin, ethylene, gibberellin, jasmonic. Discussion by coluber2001 Posted 10/13/17 12:48 PM. Using RNA-seq, we compared gene expression changes induced by Pto DC3000D28E(hopAM1) to. However, brassinosteroid at both concentrations. Brassinosteroids control cell elongation and division, gravitropism, resistance to stress, and xylem differentiation. Over 470 SAT biology questions with answers and explanations to help The SAT Biology E/M Subject Test is a multiple-choice test with 80 questions. Detailed studies of BR biosynthesis and metabolism, coupled with the recent identification of BR-insensitive and BR-deficient mutants, has greatly expanded our view of steroids as signals controlling plant growth and development. Here, we describe recent advances in understanding the complex process of seed dormancy regulated by many. Results and discussion Analysis of the EAPCN model revealed that enzymes localized at the highly connected nodes form consecutive metabolic pathways In the EAPCN model (Fig. Background: Recent results raised doubts regarding the earlier proposed C-23 hydroxylase function of CYP90A1/CPD in brassinosteroid biosynthesis. Discusses developmental processes relating to environmental adaptations that are mediated by brassinosteroids. Organismal Biology. Virtual Biology Lab is a free, online educational resource provided for educational purposes. Georgia Tech Biological Sciences. - Lead discussion sections and labs Our results indicate that FERONIA-dependent brassinosteroid response serves to antagonize the effect of ethylene on. Plant hormones play central roles in the ability of plants to adapt to changing environments, by mediating growth, development, nutrient allocation. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super group of higher rank. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant growth-promoting steroid hormones. Below is the scientist who is investigating this hormone. From ecology to molecular biology, the science of biology. For as long as people have looked at the world around them, people have studied biology. The Biotechnology Innovation Organization is the world's largest biotech trade association. These phytohormones play a crucial role in the regulation of growth and development of various plant species, and they demonstrate high biological activity. Detailed studies of BR biosynthesis and metabolism, coupled with the recent identification of BR-insensitive and BR-deficient mutants, has greatly expanded our view of steroids as signals controlling plant growth and development. with strongly reduced SlSUT2 expression. Streptococcus pyogenes: basic biology to clinical. Discussion - Plant Extinction. Streptococcus pyogenes: basic biology to clinical. 78 likes · 4 talking about this. De Robertis Jr. Raven, Peter H. These compounds were first isolated in 1979. Yanlan Mao, recipient of the 2020 Women in Cell Biology Early Career Award Medal from the British Society for Cell Biology (BSCB), talks about her reasons for entering science, the development of biophysics as her research interest, how she found starting her own lab and the experience of COVID-19 as a female PI. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of naturally occurring polyhydroxylated steroid plant hormones with wide occurrence across the plant kingdom. Find recent biology news articles and the latest research in biology at SciTechDaily. Biology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for Different Competitive Exams. Since the early 2000's, our understanding of human biology and medicine has been accelerated. Leave a Comment on Karubian Lab Ecology, behavior, evolution, and conservation 28. Herps--reptiles and amphibians. 35 free SAT subject biology practice tests. Brassinolide was the first identified brassinosteroid and was isolated from extracts of rapeseed (Brassica napus) pollen in 1979. 1 How to Define Life. Scientists use bacteria to study how genes and. These findings, together with the ubiquitous occurrence of BRs in plants and their highly effective elicitation of several responses have. Plant growth hormones or regulators are of the following types: Plant Growth Promoters; Plant Growth Inhibitors; Plant Growth Promoters Auxins. Marakli, N. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxylated steroidal phytohormones in plants with similar structures to animals' steroid hormones. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are endogenous plant hormones essential for the proper regulation of multiple physiological processes required for normal plant growth and development. Results: The enzymatic role of CYP90A1/CPD is determined by analytical, genetic, and direct biochemical approaches. Y1H analysis, EMSA, and transcription activation assay. Brassinosteroids are a class of steroid compounds found in plants, used to regulate and induce plant growth. Plant Physiology has been praised for its excellent balance of traditional and modern topics, presented in a straightforward style, without overwhelming undergraduates with excessive. For as long as people have looked at the world around them, people have studied biology. These two hormones act antagonistically with each other. ) especially under soil-drying conditions. Brassinosteroids have been suggested to increase the resistance of the plants to heavy metal stress. The lab module would allow students to learn about and experiment with plant hormones in a hands-on environment. Electrical Engineering. The steroidal plant hormones brassinosteroids (BRs) have an important role in coordinating morphogenic events of plant development from germination to seed production. Most of these genes were upregulated by brassinosteroids although only a few of these displayed auxin induction. Isolation of Three Mutants with Brassinosteroid-Related Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, Vol. Molecular Biology Laboratory. The antifungal activity of the test compounds against Magnaporthe oryzae was determined by using in vitro mycelial growth inhibition tests. Biology news and videos from research institutes around the world. Defining Dramatic Tragedy: A Discussion of Macbeth, A View from the Bridge, and Rosmersholm. Brassinosteroids alleviate heat-induced inhibition of photosynthesis by increasing carboxylation efficiency and enhancing antioxidant systems in Lycopersicon esculentum. on StudyBlue. Strong emphasis on open access to biological information as well as Free and Open Source software. Traditionally, end-product feedback regulation has been considered as the key mechanism for the achievement of cellular homeostasis. Scientists use bacteria to study how genes and. genuine discussion. Institute of Biology, University of Kassel, Germany. This study demonstrates that BR treatment enhances the accumulation of fruit sugar components, reduces the content of organic acids (e. Biology Exam Preparation Portal. in Biology from Harvard University, an M. To list: The several ways by which each of these hormones such as auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene, abscisic acid, and brassinosteroids affect plant growth and development. 3 Plant Genome and System Biology, Helmholtz Center Munich, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany. Introducing the latest edition of Campbell Biology with even more immersive content, tools, and experiences. Skip to content. Discusses transcription in protein synthesis. Bruce Alberts - Molecular Biology of the cell(Reference Edition), Part 3. Register: Student. It has long been recognized that seed dormancy and germination are regulated by the plant hormones abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellin (GA). Licenses and Attributions. 1 Phagocytes and lymphocytes are the cells of the immune system. By Lakshmi Supriya Oct. Authors often use the discussion to describe what their work suggests and how it relates to other The discussion section is also a place where authors can suggest areas of improvement for future. Y1H analysis, EMSA, and transcription activation assay. Here are the instructions. While extrinsic factors are important, did you know that plant growth depends on intrinsic factors too? They can be intracellular genes or chemicals. The idea predates other great paradigms of biology including Darwin's theory of evolution (1859), Mendel's laws of inheritance (1865), and the establishment of comparative biochemistry (1940). Pathophysiology PreTest Self-Assessment and Review - Kindle. ABSTRACT BAJWA, VIKRAMJIT SINGH. Over 470 SAT biology questions with answers and explanations to help The SAT Biology E/M Subject Test is a multiple-choice test with 80 questions. Much of the biology to which you may have been exposed until now has been a highly descriptive science. These findings, together with the ubiquitous occurrence of BRs in plants and their highly effective elicitation of several responses have. View Brassinosteroids Research Papers on Academia. Brassinosteroids are plant‐derived polyhydroxylated derivatives of 5a‐cholestane, structurally similar to cholesterol‐derived animal steroid hormones and insect ecdysteroids, with no known function in mammals. tests for carbohydrates. BRs affect plant growth by regulating panels of downstream genes. Brassinosteroid (BR) signaling has long been reported to have an effect on xylem development, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear, especially in tree species. 229 (Transcription - Biology). A wide variety of brassinosteroid options are available to. 9: Plant Biology. 2011; 23:1219–1230. Brassinosteroids signal through a pathway involving GSK3-like kinases and the WER-GL3/EGL3-TTG1 transcription factor complex to determine the fate of cells in the root epidermis. reported promotion in stem elongation and cell division by the treatment of organic extracts of rapeseed. PTI is the first layer of active defense following perception by the plant cell surface-localized PRRs of the molecular patterns coded by either the pathogen or the host plant but released specifically during pathogen infection (Monaghan and Zipfel, 2012). With Glenn Howerton, Aparna Brielle, Nick Peine, Jean Villepique. Study 7 Chapter 24- Brassinosteroids flashcards from Jamie Alycee D. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a new group of plant hormones and play important roles in plant growth and development. The brassinosteroid-signaling kinases (BSKs) are critical in BRs signal transduction (Li et al. BRASSINOSTEROID-SIGNALING KINASE 3, a plasma membrane-associated scaffold protein involved in early brassinosteroid signaling. Develop and sustain a consistent argument when speaking or writing. In: Ferretti JJ, Stevens DL, Fischetti VA, ed. Brassinosteroids are complex group of lipids synthesized from the sterol campesterol. "To make the young Biologist and Chemist more knowledgable in the field. Biology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for Different Competitive Exams. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are essential phytohormones regulating normal plant growth and development. Biologists of the 1900s. View Brassinosteroids Research Papers on Academia. Institute of Biology, University of Kassel, Germany. Developmental biology suggests that a strict belief in absolute sexual dimorphism is incorrect. DISCUSSION Morpholine fungicides, known to be a strong inhibitor of sterol biosynthesis in higher The biosynthesis pathway of brassinosteroids via two pathways from campesterol (Noguchi et al. (2011) PP2A activates brassinosteroid-responsive gene expression and plant growth by dephosphorylating BZR1. They also retard leaf abscission and promote xylem differentiation. Brassinosteroid signalling pathway. In this study, we built an optimal BR-regulated gene expression network using the model plant Arabidopisis. A general biology book which gives a student and a teacher all that is required to give a strong foundation in the field of biological sciences. (2012) MYBL2 is a substrate of GSK3-like kinase BIN2 and acts as a corepressor of BES1 in brassinosteroid signaling pathway in Arabidopsis. More than 60 natural BRs have been reported in the plant. I Brassinosteroidi (BR) sono C27, C28 e C29 steroidi. The antifungal activity of the test compounds against Magnaporthe oryzae was determined by using in vitro mycelial growth inhibition tests. Mold is a multicellular fungus. Marakli, N. Although many components of the BR signaling pathways have been identified, details continue to be revealed. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. Discussion by coluber2001 Posted 10/13/17 12:48 PM. Results and Discussion. Yanlan Mao, recipient of the 2020 Women in Cell Biology Early Career Award Medal from the British Society for Cell Biology (BSCB), talks about her reasons for entering science, the development of biophysics as her research interest, how she found starting her own lab and the experience of COVID-19 as a female PI. Evidence for functional interaction between brassinosteroids and. Tyrosine kinase – Role and significance in Cancer. Study 7 Chapter 24- Brassinosteroids flashcards from Jamie Alycee D. Electrical Engineering. edu for free. The goal of this course is to understand basic terminology and key concepts throughout life sciences for studying the principles of life phenomenon. An experiment was carried out for the purpose of evaluating the interaction of the spirostanic analogue of castasterone (BB16) and the imazapyr herbicide by making use of seedlings clones of Eucalyptus grandis. Total Synthesis of Bioactive Natural Products. Biology is the science of life. 1007/s11033-019-04642-9, (2019). "Brassinosteroids: Multi-Dimensional Regulators of Plant Growth, Development, and Stress Responses," The Plant Cell, 2019. PMID: 30615605. Brassinolide, the first brassinosteroid isolated and shown to have biological activity. Entries separated with a semicolon (;) Bibliography 1. Biology > Digestion and Absorption > Process of Digestion. View Brassinosteroids Research Papers on Academia. Current opinion in plant biology 14 (3), 290-295, 2011. Biology Forums - Study Force is the leading provider of online homework help for college and high school students. A key to our success has been our ability to recruit dynamic, award-winning faculty at both the senior and junior levels, thus ensuring that our nationally ranked research and educational programs will continue to grow in excellence with an infusion of new ideas and new energy. In angiosperms and gymnosperms (but not in ferns and lycopsids ) , ABA is the hormone that triggers closing of the stomata when soil water is insufficient to keep up with transpiration. We offer the latest biology articles, insights, trends and discoveries in animals, plants, microbiology, molecular biology, genetics, ecology, evolution, medicine, and other biology-related research fields. Recently, using genetics, proteomics, genomics, cell biology, and many. Use imagination to express thoughts, ideas, experiences and feelings. Using this hormone in various ways has increased crop production in wheat and rice so that there is greater crop yields. They study the secrets of. BRASSINOSTEROID-SIGNALING KINASE 3, a plasma membrane-associated scaffold protein involved in early brassinosteroid signaling. Readings appropriate for the topics are from Plant Physiology, Taiz and Zeiger (6th edition) and are given in parentheses. All the chapters are well written and easy to read. BRs affect plant growth by regulating panels of downstream genes. In silico analysis predicted binding to. Herps--reptiles and amphibians. Mutational robustness of protein structures. [BIOLOGY MODULE] PHOTOSYNTHESIS: Discussion & Laboratory Experiments September 15, 2020 We compiled lecture videos about the photosynthesis, the importance of photosynthesis and laboratory experiments to help demonstrate photosynthesis. BR controls the very important courses like division, elongation, differentiation, nucleic acid and protein synthesis, like many other hormones [14]. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxysteroids that have been recognized as a sixth. with strongly reduced SlSUT2 expression. We showed that the DS1 protein interacted with auxin response factor 11 (OsARF11), a major transcriptional regulator of plant height and leaf angle, to co-regulate D61/OsBRI1 expression. Art by kolyakolaRUS (me). Results and Discussion. It’s been 20 years since the identification of BRI1, the first brassinosteroid (BR) receptor. Structure-activity relationship analysis indicated that introducing a double bone. The Derived Allele of ASPM Is Associated with Lexical Tone. Oral administration of HB. In short, they tell a plant to grow. created 3 years ago by zcole2000 9,217 views. Brassinosteroids (BRs), a group of plant steroidal hormones, play critical roles in many aspects of plant growth and development. In this study, we find PdC3H17, which was demonstrated to mediate xylem formation driven by auxin in our previous report, is also involved in BR-promoted xylem development. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences - International scientific. They also retard leaf abscission and promote xylem differentiation. Arabidopsis somatic embryogenesis receptor‐like kinases (SERKs), as co. Y1H analysis, EMSA, and transcription activation assay. […] the answer to the bigger question of what the indirect causes of the two main symmetries are, is still missing. She has an extensive YouTube channel of IB Bio videos that cover the entire SL Bio course, arranged by standard. New discussions regarding the ethics of human effects upon biodiversity sway towards agreeing that every species has intrinsic value. com! The site that teaches the basics of biology to everyone! Tutorials on cells, plants, microbes, invertebrates, vertebrates, and animal systems. However, little information is available if BRs could regulate spikelet development in rice (Oryza sativa L. Learn vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games and other study tools. classification, isolation, spectroscopic determination, biosynthesis, metabolism, physiological mode of action, practical applications in agriculture, etc. by tije on 28. Biology-Chemistry-Physics discussion has 284 members. Proceedings of the 1982 DPF summer study on elementary. Перевод слова biology, американское и британское произношение, транскрипция fisheries biology — биология промысловых рыб fishery biology — биология промысловых рыб. Results: The enzymatic role of CYP90A1/CPD is determined by analytical, genetic, and direct biochemical approaches. To complete this activity, watch the two. Biology activities and lessons allow students to investigate and learn about biology through hands on experience. It is an introductory course to learn a variety of majors in life science. Without BRs, plants are dwarfs and infertile. Brassinosteroids are essential phytohormones that have crucial roles in plant growth and development. The BR signal is transduced by a receptor kinase-mediated signal transduction pathway, which is distinct from animal steroid signalling systems. Molecular Biology Laboratory. At its center is how biology directs the evolution of species to create diversity and change in the natural world. In this work, we describe a shared auxin:BR pathway required for seedling growth. Brassinosteroid (BR) is natural plant hormones that have a considerable task in plant growth [13]. engaged in it are called biologists. 1271054, 152, 3, (324-332), (2017). Biologists of the 1900s. Bioinformatics community open to all people. Our understanding of human biology has been kicked into overdrive since the completion of the. Biology > Digestion and Absorption > Process of Digestion. Living Things Are Organized. ) especially under soil-drying conditions. The journal aims to showcase outstanding research articles from all areas of biology and medicine, to. Introduction: Hereditary methemoglobinemia (met-H) is a human genetic disease that is. These things impact cortisol levels. Identification of key regulators that control leaf droopiness is crucial to improve plant architecture in these crops. As a result, the field is closely related to genetics and biochemistry. A key to our success has been our ability to recruit dynamic, award-winning faculty at both the senior and junior levels, thus ensuring that our nationally ranked research and educational programs will continue to grow in excellence with an infusion of new ideas and new energy. The BR signal is transduced by a receptor kinase-mediated signal transduction pathway, which is distinct from animal steroid signalling systems. This video (beginning at 5:03) provides a more detailed discussion of the pressure flow hypothesis. Brassinosteroids also inhibit root growth, enhance gravitropism, promote xylem differentiation and growth of pollen tubes, stimulate seed germination and delay leaf abscission. Art by kolyakolaRUS (me). Cytokinins. Detailed study of the biosynthesis of brassinolide, a C 28 BR, revealed that two parallel routes, the early and late C-6 oxidation pathways, are connected at multiple steps and also are linked to the early C-22 oxidation pathway. However, brassinosteroid at both concentrations. De Robertis Jr. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxysteroids that have been recognized as a sixth class of plant hormones. Develop and sustain a consistent argument when speaking or writing. Get Free Total Synthesis Of Bioactive Natural Products Textbook and unlimited access to our library by created an account. PMCID: PMC3077550. It gives us important information about other living things and how their lives affect mankind. Mechanisms and networks for brassinosteroid regulated gene expression. It’s been 20 years since the identification of BRI1, the first brassinosteroid (BR) receptor. Journal articles: Volume in bold 3. These were first explored nearly 40 years ago, when Mitchell et al. Biology is a very old science and it is closely bound with other natural sciences such as physics Biology is called the most vital of the sciences. Current Biology Report Brassinosteroids Dominate Hormonal Regulation of Plant Thermomorphogenesis via BZR1 Carla Iban˜ez, 1, 2Carolin Delker, Cristina Martinez,3 Katharina Bu¨rstenbinder, Philipp Janitza,1,2 Rebecca Lippmann,1 Wenke Ludwig,1 Hequan Sun, 4Geo Velikkakam James, Maria Klecker,5,6 Alexandra Grossjohann,1,2. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of hormones that determine plant growth, development, and architecture. In this study, we find PdC3H17, which was demonstrated to mediate xylem formation driven by auxin in our previous report, is also involved in BR-promoted xylem development. Other potential ultimate factors which. Two pre-clinical years are occupied by human anatomy, biology, biochemistry and other subjects. - Lead discussion sections and labs Our results indicate that FERONIA-dependent brassinosteroid response serves to antagonize the effect of ethylene on. brassinosteroids and sucrose transport by analyzing arbuscu-. The LabBench corresponds to the AP Biology Labs. Detailed studies of BR biosynthesis and metabolism, coupled with the recent identification of BR-insensitive and BR-deficient mutants, has greatly expanded our view of steroids as signals controlling plant growth and development. described for plants with reduced BR response is also seen in. They also retard leaf abscission and promote xylem differentiation. Diet impacts biology. The UC San Diego Division of Biological Sciences is a vibrant center of scientific discovery and an agent of change. Chromatin remodelling in plant light signalling - Fisher. STUDENT A's QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B). Background: Recent results raised doubts regarding the earlier proposed C-23 hydroxylase function of CYP90A1/CPD in brassinosteroid biosynthesis. Organisms are grouped into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank. on StudyBlue. In: Ferretti JJ, Stevens DL, Fischetti VA, ed. The author team's vision has always been — and continues to be — to develop trusted. These brassinosteroids were first explored during the 70s, when Mitchell et al. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxysteroids that have been recognized as a sixth class of plant hormones and may have utility as an anticancer drug for endocrine-responsive cancers to induce apoptosis and inhibit growth. View Brassinosteroids Research Papers on Academia. Brassinosteroids involved in the stress response and appear to minimize the impact of stress on growth and to trigger stress resistance mechanism. Author summary Various physiological and genetic researches have provided ample evidence in support of the role of plant hormones in root development. Perception of brassinosteroids requires an active complex of BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE 1. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of plant steroidal hormones (Chung and Choe, 2013). Similar to: Ecology Differences: In-text citations 1. In this study, we find PdC3H17, which was demonstrated to mediate xylem formation driven by auxin in our previous report, is also involved in BR-promoted xylem development. In addition, it has been suggested that BRs could. Biodiversity Definition. Biology Online 📚 - Biology is defined as the study of living organisms, their origins, anatomy, morphology, physiology, behaviour, and distribution. Plant Physiology has been praised for its excellent balance of traditional and modern topics, presented in a straightforward style, without overwhelming undergraduates with excessive. with strongly reduced SlSUT2 expression. Electrical Engineering. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroid hormones that regulate the growth and development of plants. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant steroid hormones that are perceived by the cell surface receptor kinase Brassinosteroid. Brassinosteroid signal transduction: from receptor kinase activation to transcriptional networks regulating plant development. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroid hormones that are essential for plant growth and development. BRs share close structural similarity with animal and insect steroid hormones, and like their animal counterparts, are synthesized from membrane sterol progenitors through pathways involving hydroxylation, reduction, and. Brassinosteroids are complex group of lipids synthesized from the sterol campesterol. Biology Department Home Page. The Biotechnology Innovation Organization is the world's largest biotech trade association. This implies that exogenous treatment with BR could allow the plant to recover from the inhibited growth caused by chilling. For as long as people have looked at the world around them, people have studied biology. Brassinosteroid-related changes in shoot gravitropism uncover that cellulose re-organization and mannan content influence shoot mechanical strength and bending. Mold is a multicellular fungus. Next (Bioluminescence). (2009) Effects of brassinosteroids on barley root growth, antioxidant system and cell division. Brassinosteroids Rescue the Deficiency of CYP90, a Cytochrome P450, Controlling Cell Discussion. Brassinosteroids, the steroid hormones of plants, play a major role in promoting cell expansion, and a signaling pathway that controls cell expansion has been elucidated (20). Biology Commons, Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering Commons, and the Biotechnology In this research, the effect of different plant hormones from Brassinosteroids (BRs), Auxin and. Detail Book Title : Brassinosteroids in Plant Developmental Biology and Stress Tolerance Format : PDF,kindle,epub Language : English ASIN : 0128132272 Paperback : 196 pages Product Dimensions. BRASSINOSTEROID-SIGNALING KINASE 3, a plasma membrane-associated scaffold protein involved in early brassinosteroid signaling. The most abundant one is named. 2020 Leave a Comment on Analysis And Improvement Of Plant Cold Hardiness tije on 28. Download our Biology-inspired Google Slides themes and PowerPoint templates and create Give interesting presentations about Biology with these free PPT templates and Google Slides themes. BRs Are Required for Plant Cell Elongation Since their discovery (Grove et al. Today, reaching every student can feel out of reach. Перевод слова biology, американское и британское произношение, транскрипция fisheries biology — биология промысловых рыб fishery biology — биология промысловых рыб. In the present study, we demonstrate that Arabidopsis CaM (calmodulin) binds to the recombinant cytoplasmic domain of BRI1 in a Ca2+-dependent manner in vitro. Develop and sustain a consistent argument when speaking or writing. Because physiological effects of brassinosteroids qualitatively resemble to those of auxins, their role as plant hormones was not recognised earlier and it was believed that brassinosteroid acted partially by increasing sensitivity to auxins. Mader/Biology, 10/e – Chapter Outlines. Our present understanding of BL signal transduction suggests that accumulation of the dephosphorylated forms of BES1 and BZR1 in the nucleus is the key control point of the pathway. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxylated steroids that are important regulators of plant growth and development. They study the secrets of. Hazen SP, Naef F, Quisel T, Gendron JM, Chen H, Ecker JR, Borevitz JO, Kay SA. Brassinosteroids can be derived from the 5a-cholestane carbon skeleton bearing the following structural characteristics. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are common plant-produced compounds structurally similar to animal steroid hormones that can function as growth regulators [2]. 1 How to Define Life. Brassinosteroids (BRs), which are essential phytohormones for plant growth and development, are important for cotton fiber development. Stem cell regeneration is crucial for both cell turnover and tissue healing in multicellular organisms. Conclusion: CYP90A1 catalyzes C-3 oxidation of early brassinosteroid intermediates. […] the answer to the bigger question of what the indirect causes of the two main symmetries are, is still missing. Plants deficient in brassinosteroid (BR) biosynthesis or defective in signal transduction show many abnormal developmental phenotypes, indicating the importance of both BR biosynthesis and the signaling pathway in regulating these biological processes. Proceedings of the 1982 DPF summer study on elementary. Introduction to Bone Biology. These were first explored nearly 40 years ago, when Mitchell et al. Biology Online 📚 - Biology is defined as the study of living organisms, their origins, anatomy, morphology, physiology, behaviour, and distribution. Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and. These compounds were first isolated in 1979. CC licensed content, Original. View Brassinosteroids Research Papers on Academia. Biology is the science of living things. Discusses developmental processes relating to environmental adaptations that are mediated by brassinosteroids. Share This Book Share on Twitter. com offers 1,248 brassinosteroid products. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are the steroidal plant hormones which influence number of physiological and morphological processes in plants and play diverse role in plant growth and development. bioRxiv - the preprint server for biology, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, a research and educational institution. Authors often use the discussion to describe what their work suggests and how it relates to other The discussion section is also a place where authors can suggest areas of improvement for future. Brassinosteroid (BR) signaling has long been reported to have an effect on xylem development, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear, especially in tree species. Read reviews from world's largest community for readers. They also retard leaf abscission and promote xylem differentiation. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. Forums: Biology. Revision for CIE Biology IGCSE, including summary notes, exam questions by topic and videos for each module. Our understanding of human biology has been kicked into overdrive since the completion of the. Click Get Book button to sign up and download/read Brassinosteroids In Plant Developmental Biology And Stress Tolerance books. Sining Wang, Huayu Sun, Xiurong Xu, Kebin Yang, Hansheng Zhao, Ying Li, Xueping Li, Zimin Gao, Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of brassinosteroid action-related genes during the shoot growth of moso bamboo, Molecular Biology Reports, 10. Download our Biology-inspired Google Slides themes and PowerPoint templates and create Give interesting presentations about Biology with these free PPT templates and Google Slides themes. Find recent biology news articles and the latest research in biology at SciTechDaily. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxysteroids that have been recognized as a sixth class of plant hormones and may have utility as an anticancer drug for endocrine-responsive cancers to. Structure-activity relationship analysis indicated that introducing a double bone. Plant hormones have no glands that produce and secrete hormones because instead each cell in the plant is capable of producing hormones. Brassinolide was the first isolated brassinosteroid in 1979, when pollen from. Leave a Comment on Karubian Lab Ecology, behavior, evolution, and conservation 28. In this study, we built an optimal BR-regulated gene expression network using the model plant Arabidopisis. , Gozukirmizi N. Brassinosteroids or brassins are a recently discovered group of steroids that have distinct growth promoting activity in some plants especially in stems. Georgia Tech Biological Sciences. A diverse range of. with strongly reduced SlSUT2 expression. Hasenstein (Department of Biology, University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette) for critically reviewing to improve this manuscript. Thus, BR biosynthetic pathways are highly networked. Puzzled about a topic in biology? Need a biologist to answer your question? This is the place. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of plant hormones that are important regulators of a number of the plant physiological processes (,). Biology tells us about our body: how it is constructed and how it functions. Cell scientist to watch – Yanlan Mao. These findings provide novel insights into understanding the molecular mechanisms by which DS1 integrates auxin and brassinosteroid signaling in rice. Brassinosteroids book. Without BRs, plants are dwarfs and infertile. Study 7 Chapter 24- Brassinosteroids flashcards from Jamie Alycee D. Stem cell regeneration is crucial for both cell turnover and tissue healing in multicellular organisms. I Brassinosteroidi (BR) sono C27, C28 e C29 steroidi. (42) Instead, Blackless et al. The antifungal activity of the test compounds against Magnaporthe oryzae was determined by using in vitro mycelial growth inhibition tests. Brassinosteroid (BR) signaling has long been reported to have an effect on xylem development, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear, especially in tree species. Traditionally, end-product feedback regulation has been considered as the key mechanism for the achievement of cellular homeostasis. Jing Bo Jin, Jian-Min Zhou, in Hormone Metabolism and Signaling in Plants, 2017. Additionally, BES1 transcription factors are critical for BR signal transduction. Learn vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games and other study tools. BRASSINOSTEROID-SIGNALING KINASE 3, a plasma membrane-associated scaffold protein involved in early brassinosteroid signaling. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are the steroidal plant hormones which influence number of physiological and morphological processes in plants and play diverse role in plant growth and development. Untreated control. To list: The several ways by which each of these hormones such as auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene, abscisic acid, and brassinosteroids affect plant growth and development. Are BRs Required for Germination? This paper presents evidence that BRs play a (1995) Brassinosteroids. We offer the latest biology articles, insights, trends and discoveries in animals, plants, microbiology, molecular biology, genetics, ecology, evolution, medicine, and other biology-related research fields. These brassinosteroids were first explored during the 70s, when Mitchell et al. Molecular Biology. A mutation of glutamate 204, which is absolutely required for the activity of human steroid reductase, abolishes the in vivo activity of DET2 and leads to. Publisher: Lea & Febiger; Price: Rs 1340; About this Book: This book is the best book for learning cell biology in simple manner. Biologists study the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and The hierarchy of biological organization. The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine is a PubMed-indexed, open access, quarterly journal edited by Yale medical, graduate, and professional students and peer reviewed by an extensive network of experts in the fields of biology and medicine. Кабинет №1. The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of all living things. Check these out: Biology. Biology tells us about our body: how it is constructed and how it functions. IIT Roorkee. Brassinosteroids involved in the stress response and appear to minimize the impact of stress on growth and to trigger stress resistance mechanism. Georgia Tech Biological Sciences. Similar to: Ecology Differences: In-text citations 1. Chapter 24 Brassinosteroids - Chapter 24 Brassinosteroids novel growth-promoting substances in pollen 1970 Mitchel et al the pollen of rape plant (Brassica napus L. The expression profile of these genes is nearly uniform in the zygotic embryogenic tissue, but the expression pattern is more complex in the somatic embryogenic tissue. PMCID: PMC3077550. Mechanisms and networks for brassinosteroid regulated gene expression. Strong emphasis on open access to biological information as well as Free and Open Source software. Biology is classified as a natural science because its subject matter is a part of nature. in molecular biology from the University of. Previous studies showed that BRI1‐mediated BR signaling regulates cell division and differentiation during Arabidopsis root development via interplaying with auxin and other phytohormones. They share many similarities with human steroid hormones, but are generally at too low of a dose to exert effects in humans (on hormonal profiles) via food consumption. © Michal, M. edu for free. BRs that are biosynthesized using. An experiment was carried out for the purpose of evaluating the interaction of the spirostanic analogue of castasterone (BB16) and the imazapyr herbicide by making use of seedlings clones of Eucalyptus grandis. PTI is the first layer of active defense following perception by the plant cell surface-localized PRRs of the molecular patterns coded by either the pathogen or the host plant but released specifically during pathogen infection (Monaghan and Zipfel, 2012). Living Things Are Organized. Journal articles: No DOI 2. About 30% of these are Plant Growth Regulator, 3% are Other Agrochemicals & Pesticide. Plant Physiology has been praised for its excellent balance of traditional and modern topics, presented in a straightforward style, without overwhelming undergraduates with excessive. The LabBench corresponds to the AP Biology Labs. Brassinosteroid-related changes in shoot gravitropism uncover that cellulose re-organization and mannan content influence shoot mechanical strength and bending. Click Get Book button to sign up and download/read Brassinosteroids In Plant Developmental Biology And Stress Tolerance books. Arabidopsis somatic embryogenesis receptor‐like kinases (SERKs), as co. The proteins that domesticated our genomes. An Atlas of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (Second Edition). In this study, we built an optimal BR-regulated gene expression network using the model plant Arabidopisis. Identification of key regulators that control leaf droopiness is crucial to improve plant architecture in these crops. biology questions and answers. However, whether their interaction is through modification or intersection of their primary signaling cascades, or by independent or parallel pathways remains a big mystery. Forums: Biology. The cell surface receptor kinase BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE-1 (BRI1) is the major receptor for steroid hormones in Arabidopsis. Biology Forums - Study Force is the leading provider of online homework help for college and high school students. Marine Biology. reported promotion in stem elongation and cell division by the treatment of organic extracts of rapeseed. Find recent biology news articles and the latest research in biology at SciTechDaily. Register: Student. Biology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for Different Competitive Exams. Explore the latest questions and answers in Brassinosteroids. Brassinolide was the first identified brassinosteroid and was isolated from extracts of rapeseed (Brassica napus) pollen in 1979. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are growth-promoting plant hormones that play a role in abiotic stress responses, but molecular modes that enable this activity remain largely unknown. Brassinosteroids Introduction, Discovery, Chemical Nature, Bioassay And Physiological Role - Продолжительность: 41:50 Ch-09 Life Sciences, Botany, Zoology, Bio-Science 1 047 просмотров. Written by an experienced teacher and examiner, Cambridge IGCSE Biology Coursebook with CD-ROM (third edition) gives comprehensive and accessible coverage of the syllabus. Brassinosteroid action in flowering plants: a Darwinian perspective Ulrich Kutschera* and Zhi-Yong Wang Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution for Science, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, California 94305, USA * Present address and to whom correspondence should be sent. Brassinosteroid (BR) signaling has long been reported to have an effect on xylem development, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear, especially in tree species. Since the early 2000's, our understanding of human biology and medicine has been accelerated. 573 Analysis And Improvement Of Plant Cold Hardiness. They study the secrets of. Detailed studies of BR biosynthesis and metabolism, coupled with the recent identification of BR-insensitive and BR-deficient mutants, has greatly expanded our view of steroids as signals controlling plant growth and development. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxysteroids that have been recognized as a sixth class of plant hormones. Moreover, Det2 (which encodes a steroid 5α-reductase that catalyzes the formation of campestanol with campesterol as substrates) is also involved in BRs biosynthesis (Lv et al. GCSE Biology is the study of living organisms and their structure, life-cycles, adaptations and environment. It consists of filaments called hyphae that can bunch together into structures called mycelia. ABSTRACT BAJWA, VIKRAMJIT SINGH. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant growth-promoting compounds found throughout the plant kingdom that influence multiple aspect of plant physiology including organ expansion, leaf and root development, vascular differentiation, senescence, flowering, and fertility. PMCID: PMC3077550. Previous (Biological psychology). All these qualify as extrinsic factors. I Brassinosteroidi (BR) sono C27, C28 e C29 steroidi. Bioinformatics community open to all people. Y1H analysis, EMSA, and transcription activation assay. Progress 09/01/02 to 02/28/06 Outputs The experiments proposed in this project related to our finding that Arabidopsis BRI1 was a critical component of the brassinosteroid (BR) receptor. Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-). These hormones control the division, elongation and differentiation of various cell types throughout. However, jasmonates, brassinosteroids, and ethylene reduce seed dormancy level. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroid hormones that regulate the growth and development of plants. It consists of filaments called hyphae that can bunch together into structures called mycelia. Insights into TefillahThe Essence of Prayer Rabbi Avraham. of a new class of plant hormones - brassinosteroids. The first BR was isolated in 1979 from rapeseed (Brassica napus L. The steroidal plant hormones brassinosteroids (BRs) have an important role in coordinating morphogenic events of plant development from germination to seed production. This implies that exogenous treatment with BR could allow the plant to recover from the inhibited growth caused by chilling. Plant hormones play central roles in the ability of plants to adapt to changing environments, by mediating growth, development, nutrient allocation. Below is the scientist who is investigating this hormone. BRASSINOSTEROID-SIGNALING KINASE 3, a plasma membrane-associated scaffold protein involved in early brassinosteroid signaling. Brassinosteroids(BR) are a group of steroidal plant hormones. However, cotton BES1 family genes have not been comprehensively characterized. 9: Plant Biology. A bunch of 'plant steroid' molecules (like ecdysteroids are insect steroids) that are present in relatively high amounts in mustard; still nowhere near enough to get jacked off of mustard. This entry has no comments (yet). Brassinosteroids are a class of polyhydroxysteroids that have been recognized as a sixth class of plant hormones and may have utility as an anticancer drug for endocrine-responsive cancers to induce apoptosis and inhibit growth. A key to our success has been our ability to recruit dynamic, award-winning faculty at both the senior and junior levels, thus ensuring that our nationally ranked research and educational programs will continue to grow in excellence with an infusion of new ideas and new energy. PLoS Genet. Biology visits with Biologist Kate Ihle. We showed that the DS1 protein interacted with auxin response factor 11 (OsARF11), a major transcriptional regulator of plant height and leaf angle, to co-regulate D61/OsBRI1 expression. The specification of vascular patterning in plants has interested plant biologists for many years, but in the last decade a new. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of naturally occurring polyhydroxy steroidal hormone isolated Signaling peptides are increasingly important in plant biology but they are macromolecules rather. & Schomburg, D. Mechanisms and networks for brassinosteroid regulated gene expression. Nobody has to prove that biology forces them to vote for a particular political party, practice a In his blog post, Lowder states, "Many critics will argue that appealing to biology is the only way to protect. ExploreLearning: Gizmos - Online simulations. Two pre-clinical years are occupied by human anatomy, biology, biochemistry and other subjects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Gozukirmizi, Analyses of abiotic stress and brassinosteroid-related some genes in barley roots grown under salinity stress and HBR treatments: Expression profiles and phylogeny, Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 10. All the chapters are well written and easy to read. Study 7 Chapter 24- Brassinosteroids flashcards from Jamie Alycee D. Here are the instructions. Brassinosteroid (BR) is a major growth-promoting hormone, and it acts through one of the Brassinosteroid regulates stomatal development by GSK3-mediated inhibition of a MAPK pathway. Review and cite BRASSINOSTEROIDS protocol, troubleshooting and other methodology Brassinosteroids - Science topic. PMID: 30615605. The field involves an understanding of the similarities and differences between humans and other species. Scientists use bacteria to study how genes and. Brassinosteroids - Biosynthesis, Signaling and Regulatory Functions in Plant Biology Institute of Biology, Biotechnology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Natural Sciences. Biology Online 📚 - Biology is defined as the study of living organisms, their origins, anatomy, morphology, physiology, behaviour, and distribution. Background: Recent results raised doubts regarding the earlier proposed C-23 hydroxylase function of CYP90A1/CPD in brassinosteroid biosynthesis. BRs affect plant growth by regulating panels of downstream genes. Results: The enzymatic role of CYP90A1/CPD is determined by analytical, genetic, and direct biochemical approaches. Personalize learning, one student at a time. 7 v1 4Y11 Cambridge IGCSE Biology - past paper questions and answers Alternative to Practical Developments in physics, biology and the neurosciences have reinvigorated discussions about. For as long as people have looked at the world around them, people have studied biology. genuine discussion. It consists of filaments called hyphae that can bunch together into structures called mycelia. Brassinosteroid (BR) signaling has long been reported to have an effect on xylem development, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear, especially in tree species. Georgia Tech Biological Sciences. created 3 years ago by zcole2000 9,217 views. The BR signal is transduced by a receptor kinase-mediated signal transduction pathway, which is distinct from animal steroid signalling systems. However, cotton BES1 family genes have not been comprehensively characterized. To complete this activity, watch the two. on StudyBlue. Subjects Bioinformatics, Developmental Biology, Genetics, Plant Science Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant-specific steroid hormones involved in many growth and. Get Free Total Synthesis Of Bioactive Natural Products Textbook and unlimited access to our library by created an account. Biology Research Paper Format. Progress 09/01/02 to 02/28/06 Outputs The experiments proposed in this project related to our finding that Arabidopsis BRI1 was a critical component of the brassinosteroid (BR) receptor. , 2002; Nam and Li, 2002; Tang et al. New discussions regarding the ethics of human effects upon biodiversity sway towards agreeing that every species has intrinsic value. in Plant Hormones: Physiology, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology. More than 60 natural BRs have been reported in the plant. Below is the scientist who is investigating this hormone. Brassinosteroids also inhibit root growth, enhance gravitropism, promote xylem differentiation and growth of pollen tubes, stimulate seed germination and delay leaf abscission. engaged in it are called biologists. An experiment was carried out for the purpose of evaluating the interaction of the spirostanic analogue of castasterone (BB16) and the imazapyr herbicide by making use of seedlings clones of Eucalyptus grandis. tests for carbohydrates. The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of all living things. Molecular Biology Laboratory. Brasinosteroids (BR) play important roles in controlling root growth and development, but the mechanism of negatively regulating factors in this process is less well studied. The most abundant one is named. Click Get Book button to sign up and download/read Brassinosteroids In Plant Developmental Biology And Stress Tolerance books. Brassinosteroid action in flowering plants: a Darwinian perspective Ulrich Kutschera* and Zhi-Yong Wang Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution for Science, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, California 94305, USA * Present address and to whom correspondence should be sent. Y1H analysis, EMSA, and transcription activation assay. Brassinosteroid Signaling network: implications on yield and stress tolerance. This banner text can have markup. Login Join Now. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of plant hormones that are important regulators of a number of the plant physiological processes (,). phenotypic modification of arbuscular architecture previously. Sparking Signals Kinases as Molecular Signaltransducers and Pharmacological Drug Targets in Inflammation. A former philosophy professor who takes a job teaching AP biology. ABA induces seed dormancy in maturing embryos and inhibits germination of seeds. Brassinosteroids signal through a pathway involving GSK3-like kinases and the WER-GL3/EGL3-TTG1 transcription factor complex to determine the fate of cells in the root epidermis. View Brassinosteroids Research Papers on Academia. Brassinosteroids are a group of some 40 different steroids that are synthesized by plants and are potent hormones affecting many aspects of plant growth. Nature Cell Biology. About this Entry. Brassinosteroids also inhibit root growth, enhance gravitropism, promote xylem differentiation and growth of pollen tubes, stimulate seed germination and delay leaf abscission. evolution: then slow change of a species over time to adapt to the environment. brassinosteroids and sucrose transport by analyzing arbuscu-. Do you think health is important?. Check these out: Biology. Stem cell regeneration is crucial for both cell turnover and tissue healing in multicellular organisms. Discussion by coluber2001 Posted 10/13/17 12:48 PM. A Revision of the North American Species of Stereophyllum and. AP Bio: Transport Across Membranes. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxylated steroids that are important regulators of plant growth and development. These brassinosteroids were first explored during the 70s, when Mitchell et al.
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